How To Update Or Insert A Record In Spring Data JPA

How To Update Or Insert A Record In Spring Data JPA

Maddy
·Jun 20, 2022·

2 min read

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Table of contents

  • #1 WHAT IS AN UPSERT OPERATION?
  • #2 HOW DO YOU DO AN UPSERT?
  • #3. TESTING ON POSTMAN

Do you want to know how to update an existing record or insert a new one using Spring Boot?

This article is for you.

Let's imagine the following scenarios:

  1. We have an existing customer who wants to amend his phone number because it was wrong.

  2. We have an entirely new customer who wants to register his details.

In one of my previous articles on How To Create A Spring Boot REST API, we have the following method:

    public Customer saveCustomer(Customer savedCustomer) {
        Customer customer = new Customer();
        customer.setFirstName(savedCustomer.getFirstName());
        customer.setLastName(savedCustomer.getLastName());
        customer.setEmail(savedCustomer.getEmail());
        customer.setPhoneNumber(savedCustomer.getPhoneNumber());
        return customerRepository.save(savedCustomer);
    }

The method above only covers scenario number 2.

We can refactor this method to perform an upsert operation.

#1 WHAT IS AN UPSERT OPERATION?

An upsert operation is a database operation where we update an existing row if the value is already present in the database. Otherwise, we save the new value into a new row.

#2 HOW DO YOU DO AN UPSERT?

To do this, we have to:

  1. Delete any duplicate entry from the Customer table to avoid the 1062 - Duplicate Entry error.

  2. We'll use the email to uniquely identify a customer. Therefore, make the email column unique.

ALTER TABLE customer ADD UNIQUE (email);
  1. Refactor save() method logic so that it checks if an entry exists in the database. If it does, update the existing entry. Otherwise, create a new one and insert it into the database.
    public Customer saveCustomer(Customer savedCustomer) {
        Customer customer =    customerRepository
                .findCustomerByEmail(savedCustomer.getEmail());

        if(customer != null) {
            customer.setFirstName(savedCustomer.getFirstName());
            customer.setLastName(savedCustomer.getLastName());
            customer.setPhoneNumber(savedCustomer.getPhoneNumber());
        } else {
            customer = new Customer();
            customer.setFirstName(savedCustomer.getFirstName());
            customer.setLastName(savedCustomer.getLastName());
            customer.setEmail(savedCustomer.getEmail());
            customer.setPhoneNumber(savedCustomer.getPhoneNumber());
        }
        return customerRepository.save(customer);
    }

    public Optional<Customer> getCustomerByEmail(String email){
        Customer customer = customerRepository.findCustomerByEmail(email);

        return Optional.ofNullable(customer);
    }

#3. TESTING ON POSTMAN

Let's test this logic via Postman:

upsert-post-request.jpg

The record gets updated in the database too.

helena-costa-saved.jpg

Now let's try to update Helena's phone number with a different one.

helena-phone-number-updated.jpg

In the database, Helena's phone number should be updated (no new row should be created).

helena-costa-phone-number-saved-db.jpg

CONCLUSION

I hope you've found this article helpful.

Leave any questions/doubts in the comments below.

Until next time!

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